The objective of IAS 24 Standard is to ensure that an entity’s financial statements contain the disclosures necessary to draw attention to the possibility that its financial position and profit or loss may have been affected by the existence of related parties and by transactions and outstanding balances, including commitments, with such parties.
Related party transactions (transfer of resources, services or obligations) and outstanding balances with other entities in a group are disclosed in an entity’s financial statements. Intragroup related party transactions and outstanding balances are eliminated in the preparation of consolidated financial statements of the group.
An entity is related to a reporting entity if any of the following conditions applies:
(i) The entity and the reporting entity are members of the same group
(ii) One entity is an associate or joint venture of the other entity
(iii) Both entities are joint ventures of the same third party.
(iv) One entity is a joint venture of a third entity and the other entity is an associate of the third entity.
(v) The entity is a post-employment benefit plan for the benefit of employees of either the reporting entity or an entity related to the reporting entity.
(vi) The entity is controlled or jointly controlled by a person has control or joint control over the reporting entity or has significant influence over the reporting entity or is a member of the key management personnel of the reporting entity or of a parent of the reporting entity.
Disclosures that related party transactions were made on terms equivalent to those that prevail in arm’s length transactions are made only if such terms can be substantiated.